Direct and indirect speech with an exercise

Direct and indirect speech with an exercise

In this lesson, we are going to learn how to convert a direct speech into an indirect speech.

In an indirect speech-

Simple present tense changes to the Simple past tense 

For example, “I go to the park”, He said

He said that he went to the park 

Present continuous tense changes to the Past continuous tense.

“We are going to the cinema,” They said

They said that they were going to the cinema

Present perfect continuous tense changes to the Past perfect continuous tense. 

“She has been sad since a long time,” He said

He said that she had been sad for a long time😞

Simple Past Tense changes to Past perfect tense

“I bought the tickets,” He said 

He said that he had bought the tickets.

Past continuous tense changes to the past perfect continuous tense. 

“They were living in France,” He said

He said that they had been living in France.

Direct and Indirect Speech

Image source: Photo by Guillaume Meurice from Pexels

Future tense changes to Conditional statements.

“I will go to Germany,” He said 

He said that he would go to Germany 

Germany!

Direct and Indirect Speech
Germany!

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Direct Speech➡️Indirect Speech

This day  changes to  that day

Tonight.  changes to  that night

Tomorrow  ➡️     the next day 

Here     changes to  there

Ago      changes to  before

Thus.    Changes to  So

Yesterday ➡️     the day before

Last week ➡️   The week before

Last month ➡️ The month before

The day before yesterday ➡️  Two days before

EXCEPTIONS IN ‘DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH’.

The speech is not converted from direct to indirect when-

  1. A universal fact is stated by the speaker. For example, “The earth is round” he said. He said that the earth is round.
  2. When a suggestion is made. For example. “Let’s not travel with heavy luggage”. He suggested that we should not travel with heavy luggage.
  3. When we request someone. For instance,”Please pay the rent tomorrow,” The landlord said to us. The landlord asked us to pay the rent the next day.
  4. When we order someone to do something. For instance,”Sit down!” He said to the dog. He ordered the dog to sit down.

Image source: Photo by Alex Kross from Pexels

Exercise-

Transform these phrases from direct to indirect

  1. “She is too sad”- He said to me
  2. I am going to the mall- He said to me
  3. “She will go to the USA tomorrow”- He said
  4. “I have started feeling lonely”-He said to me
  5. “Please don’t make any noise”- The teacher said to the students.
  6. “Be Silent!”- The boss said to the employees 
  7. “India got it’s independence in 1947”- The teacher said to us
  8. “Are you sad”? She asked me.
  9. “Don’t travel tomorrow as the weather will be bad,” He said to us.

Answers-

  1. He told me that she is too sad
  2. He said that he was going to the mall.
  3. He told me that she would go to the USA the next day.
  4. He told me that He had started feeling lonely.
  5. The teacher asked the students not to make any noise.
  6. The boss ordered the employees to be silent
  7. The teacher told us that India got it’s independence in 1947
  8. She asked me if I was sad.
  9. He asked us not to travel the next day as the weather would be bad. 

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