Prepositions’ notes and lists in English grammar

Different types of prepositions

Prepositions’ notes and lists in English grammar

Today, we will learn about different types of prepositions with their meaning. The tables, examples given below explain the different types of Prepositions

 

Types Of PrepositionsExplanationExamples
Prepositions of time-
(On,By,since,during,until)
Used to describe phrases of time(days,months,years and centuries)1) I have been waiting for her response since yesterday.
2)I have been expecting a baby until December.
3)They will be here by 5 O clock
Prepositions of Space(inside,outside,behind),Place(in,at,on)Used to describe phrases,situations related to place(Answers the question 'Where'),space.1)She invited me at her place.(Prepositions of Place)
2)It is raining heavily in London(Prepositions of Place)
3)There is a lot of stuff on the table(Prepositions of Place)
4)The dog is behind the door.(Preposition of space)
5)The bridge is built is over the river.
6)She hid under the bed.(Preposition of space)
7)The files are kept inside the cupboard.(Preposition of space)
Prepositions of Direction(towards,from,along,against)Used to describe the direction of the noun.1)The train is heading towards the east
2)The dog is walking along us.
3)The car went against this direction.
Prepositions of MannerPrepositions of Manner show how something is done.1)I came here by car.
2)I came here with the help of a driver.

Types Of Prepositions

 

 

TYPES OF PREPOSITIONS.

prepositona 

The cat is under the table(Example of a preposition in a sentence).

Here, under is a preposition. A preposition usually comes before a noun and expresses the relationship with another noun. For example, The book is in the drawer. Here ‘In’ is the preposition and it relates to the book because the book is kept in it. If the cat is under the table, then the cat’s location is determined by the table. 

There are many types of prepositions.

For Example, prepositions of time, place, manner, direction

  • The first category of prepositions(of time)depicts the timing of an event. For instance, (I have been waiting for 2 hours), ( I couldn’t work during my office hours), ( The guests are arriving at 10 am)
  • The second type of prepositions (of place) elaborate where the event occurred. For example, the guests are arriving at my place.
  • Prepositions of direction specify the direction of the movement of a person or an object. For example, The wind is going against the preferable direction. 

Prepositions of manner show how a procedure is carried out.

Apart from this, we have-

  1. Simple prepositions– Unlike the compound prepositions, these prepositions are used singularly in the sentence. For example, it’s raining heavily in London. Some of the simple prepositions are -at, for, in, on, under, off, on, and, over.
  2. Compound prepositions(On, in, at, by, over)- Its a summation of two or more prepositions in a sentence. For example, I have placed the book on the top of the shelf
  3. Prepositional phrase A prepositional phrase just includes a noun, pronoun. It also excludes a verb. For example, at the store, In Paris, with her.

Sometimes, a prepositional phrase might act as an adjective, adverb or a noun.

  • If a prepositional phrase serves as an adjective, it usually helps in providing extra information on the noun. For example, the girl who is choosing the black coat is my classmate. The prepositional phrase usually answers a question. To identify if the prepositional phrase serves as an adjective, ask yourself these questions- who(who is choosing the black coat), how many (how many coats she chooses), what kind? (What kind of coat she chooses).
  • If a prepositional phrase serves as an adverbthen It provides descriptive information of the noun. For example, the milk spilled on the table. I will travel by train to Madrid tomorrow. She went to Starbucks at 3 pm. To identify if the prepositional phrase serves as an adverb, ask yourself these questions. Were? ( where the milk is being spilled). How? ( how will I travel). When? (When did she go to Starbucks)
  • If a prepositional phrase serves as a nounit serves as a subject in the sentence. For example, Please step on the stair.

An Exercise of the prepositions-

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate preposition-

  • The dog is running___me(with/along/behind)
  • The cat pounced ___me.(at/on) 
  • He jumped____the roof.(over/under)
  • Please be _____time.(on/at)
  • There is a huge storm ____ Madrid. (in/at)

Answers-

  1. With/behind.
  2. At.
  3. Over.
  4. On
  5. In.

Also read: Adverbs

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