Meaning and Types of verbs

verbs in english

Meaning and Types of verbs

Today, we will discuss the meaning and the different types of verbs

Words that are used to describe certain actions, conditions are called Verbs.

Some examples of the verbs are- eat, cry, drink sleep.

Verbs are always placed after a subject. For example- He drinks. So he is a subject here and drinks is a verb.

  • Action Verbs- Verbs that are used to describe actions are known as action verbs. ( cry, sleep, laugh). Action verbs are of two types-  
  1. Transitive verbs- In Transitive verbs, the noun receives an action. For example, Stephanie persuaded Ellie to go to the mall with her. Here the Ellie is being persuaded by Stephanie. So these types of verbs are called transitive verbs.
  2. Intransitive verbs- In Intransitive verbs, the action is not received by a verb. For example, the dog is barking. Here it’s not specified at whom the dog is barking. So these types of verbs are called intransitive verbs.
  • Linking verb- The linking verb is a verb that connects the subject to another descriptive word, phrase. This phrase, word describes the subject. The descriptive word may be known as an adjective. An example of the linking verb is- Ram is helpful. (It’s a linking verb here because it describes Ram being helpful. )
  • Helping verb- Helping verbs help the main verb to make the sentence meaningful. For example- The dog was barking at the stranger. Some of the helping verbs are- is,are,was,were,be,being,do,had,has,have,been,does. Words such as could, can, should, must, will, ought to, shall are not as morals and always serve as helping verbs. For example, he should do the work on time.
  • Gerunds-Gerunds are the verbs that are added in the place of a noun. They end with ‘ing’. For example, My dog loves sleeping. We will discuss more gerunds later.

Regular vs irregular verbs

A regular verb forms it’s past tense and it’s past participle by the addition of ‘ed’.

An irregular verb forms it’s past tense and it’s past participle not by the addition of ‘ed’. 

An example of a regular verb-

smile(present form)-smiled(past participle)-smiled(past tense)

An example of an irregular verb-

Eat(present form)-eaten(past participle)-ate(past tense).

Also read: Learn the past tense

 

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